How does PRP work?
PRP Therapy works on the basis of restoring growth factors within the blood. Human blood contains mesenchymal stem cells and autologous blood products. These elements are essential to regenerate scalp tissue. Once the scalp tissue is regenerated, the hair follicles are able to produce the necessary hair growth.
In terms of the safety of this product, PRP has been the topic of medical literature form both the United States and Europe. Not only is the product heralded as a revolutionary way to stimulate and restore hair growth, but it is also one safest cosmetic hair growth options on the market today. While there is a prevalent opinion of PRP and its benefits within medical literature, you should also keep in mind that publications within literature do not mean that the product has gained FDA approval.
Currently, PRP is in its early stages of scientific research and subsequent FDA approval. It is not meant to replace the current FDA approved options such as DHT blockers (example: Propecia) and Minoxidil. Regardless, it is still a very promising and realistic option for those that are grappling with hair loss.
How is the procedure performed?
The next important thing to consider about PRP is how the procedure is performed. The procedure is extremely convenient and non-medically invasive. To begin with, upon visiting the office, a medical professional will draw blood. Afterwards, the medical staff will spin the blood through a centrifuge and the PRP is separated from the rest of the blood.
In order to spin and remove the PRP molecules from the blood, a highly advanced gel technology. Once the centrifugation process is complete, the vital growth proteins from your blood are separated.
The second step requires that you be under topical anesthesia. Next we will inject your scalp with the platelet rich plasma (PRP). The PRP stimulates the follicles so that your hair can regrow.
For the most advanced results, some patients choose to have PRP therapy performed monthly for four months. This ensures that the hair follicles remain stimulated and that the hair growth is progressing as it should be.
The science of PRP
PRP, or platelet rich plasma, essentially contains platelets that are key to stimulating hair follicles to generate hair growth. They mainly target the Dermal Papilla, which is a component of the hair follicle. The platelets, when used to regenerate hair growth within follicles, promote healing and the formation of new cell growth. In addition, the platelets also accelerate the rate and degree of regeneration so that you can expect to see results in a timely manner. PRP is an ideal component of hair restoration because it is highly effective in stimulating inactive hair follicles, causing them to revert to the growth phase.
Below are a list of the specific cells within PRP that cause hair growth:
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) — promotes blood vessel growth, cell replication, skin formation
Transforming Growth-Factor-Beta (TGF-b) — promotes growth of matrix between cells, bone metabolism
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) — promotes blood vessel formation
Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) — promotes cell growth and differentiation, blood vessel formation, collagen formation
Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (FGF-2) — promotes growth of specialized cells and blood vessel formation
Insulin Like Growth Factor (IGF) — a regulator of normal physiology in nearly every type of cell in the body
How effective is PRP?
Out of all of the products that you can find on the market today regarding hair growth, PRP is probably the most effective. Of course, it is also important to understand that results are going to vary and there is never any guarantee of success.
Overall though, PRP is an effective non-surgical procedure that works well to stimulate the follicle in order to induce hair growth. It reverses hair thinning and it causes the growth of new hair.
Candidates for PRP treatment
The best candidates for PRP treatment are those that do not have a history of Alopecia areata or scarring Alopecia.